Lincoln
Lincoln's Daily Story
CHASE AND THE CHIN FLY
"My brother and I were once ploughing corn n a Kentucky farm, I driving the horse, and he holding the plough. The horse was lazy; abut on one occasion he rushed across the field so that I, with long legs, could scarcely keep pace with him.
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Quote of the Day

"You say you will not fight to free negroes. Some of them seem willing to fight for you; but, no matter. Fight you, then exclusively to save the Union."

Letter to James Conkling, August 26, 1863
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Classroom Feature
The Cooper Union Speech
The Cooper Union speech "probably did more to secure his nomination, than any other act of his life..
View the feature in its entirety at: Mr. Lincoln and New York

The Cooper Union Speech

Abraham Lincoln and the Governors

1: This former Pennsylvania Congressman served as the state’s governor throughout the Civil War.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


2: This Indiana lost his legislative majority to anti-war Democrats in the 1862 elections but continued to govern the state – by convincing Republican members of the legislature to boycott its operations and with the help of federal financial aid from Secretary of War Edwin Stanton.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


3: This slave-holding Maryland Governor opposed the transport of Union troops through Baltimore. He later became a Union-supporting Senator.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


4: This New York State governor took the lead in recruiting troops to defend the Union in 1861 – and was even appointed a major general to reflect his status. But clashed with local and federal officials over the lines of authority over the recruitment process.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


5: This conservative Democrat was elected governor of New York State over General James Wadsworth. He was defeated for reelection after one term – tarnished in part by the 1863 Draft riots in New York City.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


6: This Radical Republican congressman was elected governor of New York in 1864.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


7: Illinois governor was a strong supporter – and sometimes private critic – of President Lincoln. His political record was tinged by alcoholism.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


8: This radical Massachusetts Governor was a strong advocate of the recruitment and use of black soldiers in the Civil War.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


9: The election of this Ohio Republican in 1863 to serve one term as governor greatly gratified President Lincoln, who wired him that “Ohio has saved the nation.” He died in office in 1865.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.


10: This Ohio Governor restored his state’s representation in the Lincoln Cabinet when he was appointed to replace Postmaster General Montgomery Blair in September 1865.
A.  B.  C.  D.  E.  F.  G.  H.  I.  J.

ANSWER KEY
  1. Thomas Hicks
  2. Reuben Fenton
  3. Oliver P. Morton
  4. John Brough
  5. John A. Andrew
  6. Horatio Seymour
  7. Edwin D. Morgan
  8. Andrew G. Curtin
  9. Richard Yates
  10. William Dennison

Lincoln & Churchill
They were different men with different backgrounds and very different leadership styles. Abraham Lincoln and Winston Churchill lived through remarkably comparable challenges in cataclysmic wars separated by a mere eight decades. Brilliant writers and communicators, Churchill and Lincoln unified and rallied their nations in order to defeat well-armed challengers whose social ideologies held little respect for human liberty and dignity. Theirs are the stories we tell here of great leaders. Let them inspire a world still in need of their extraordinary leadership.

Visit Lincoln & Churchill >

From the Founder of the
Lincoln Institute
Lincoln "by littles"
by Lewis E. Lehrman
Excerpts from Lincoln "by littles":

"Abraham Lincoln seldom got the chance to go to school. He went to school "by littles," he said, and received fewer than 12 months of schooling."

"In the untrammeled interior of the mind s eye, young Lincoln followed his unrestrained desire to explore new intellectual worlds, even the world of American history, of politics, of law. There, in the frictionless world of thought and fantasy, young Abraham Lincoln found the freedom, the vocation, the solace he yearned for, unshackled from the irremediable, unrequited, hard labor of farmer and village artisan."

"Mr. Lincoln made American politics not only a struggle for personal power and prestige, but instead, a campaign of just ideas, a battle of first principles, a vindication of right-minded policy."

"The self-tutored lawyer from Illinois could not understand those 'don't care' politicians, such as Senator Stephen A. Douglas, who pretended indifference to involuntary servitude."

"For Lincoln, there could be no retreat from the fundamental principles of the Declaration of Independence."

"Lincoln was ambitious to use government to good effect. Government, he said, should enable men and women to do the things they cannot do, or do so well, for themselves in order to develop their freedom, their future, and their country."

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From the Founder of the Lincoln Institute
Lincoln at Peoria
The Turning Point
by Lewis E. Lehrman
Book review from author Jay Winik, from The National Review

"Throughout Lincoln at Peoria, Lehrman shows a journalist's eye for the telling detail. [Stephen A] Douglas spoke with 'polished elegance' while Lincoln spoke with a 'thin, high-pitched' voice. Lehrman also demonstrates a scholar's appreciation for the ambiguities surrounding Lincoln. He quotes one womam's asking upon Lincoln's election, 'Is it certain Mr. Lincoln is an uncompromising anti-slavery man?' And finally, Lehrman keenly appreciates the poignancy of his story: We see Lincoln strolling in Springfield with a colleague in 1849, when the friend ruefully observes, 'Lincoln the time is coming when You & I would have to be Democrats or Abolitionists'.

"Lincoln at Peoria is a marvelous hybrid of a book. Beyond the narrative and an extensive analysis of the speech itself, Lehrman draws out the rest of Lincoln's career, his political resurrection and America's political realignment, the coming of the war and Lincoln's surprise election as president, and his presidency itself, never losing sight of that magical moment at Peoria when Lincoln became Lincoln. Lehrman's editorial hand is light, and he is careful to judge Lincoln by the standards of his own day, rather than of ours. He also goes to great lengths to quote succeeding generations of distinguished Lincoln scholars. In this sense, more than simply a fascinating exegesis, Lincoln at Peoria stands as a rich resource for scholars."


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